Saturday, May 23, 2020

Art Galleries And Art Museums - 1424 Words

An institution with the purpose of preserving, protecting and publically displaying collections ranging from various paintings to different artefacts are museums. Their historical development also led to intellectual evolution and divergence of the public thought on objects that are placed inside. Today we question the values of seeing those objects; for an example, museum sceptics undermine the value of museums and collections. Nevertheless, there are several main points that argue against the beliefs of â€Å"museum sceptics† and they propose that when seeing objects in a museum we gain value of praising and preserving the past, preserving cultural heritage and acquire an educational value. Art galleries and museums are nowadays indispensable institutions mainly in important cities around the world. The Metropolis provides the perfect social and political environment to develop the civic ritual founded by Art Museums and its now rooted tradition. (Duncan, 1995, p.21) However, predominant thought that questions seeing objects in a museum is proposed by the â€Å"museum sceptics†. According to Carrier, museum sceptics state that art in museums does not survive, meaning it loses its power. Museums de facto fail to preserve the art constituted in old objects that are collected. This belief also rejects ‘time travel’ in museums since they argue that it is only an illusion. (Carrier, 2006, pp. 50-51) This is a rather philosophical approach, but it strongly rejects the claim that oldShow MoreRelatedThe Art Gallery Of Museum Gallery908 Words   |  4 PagesWhen talking about the art gallery, the first scene occurred to my mind was the art gallery of museum . I went to some museums before to appreciate the artworks of different eras and cultures. Because I had lived in China for around twenty years, the most works I enjoyed were created by Chinese and they were filled with Chinese elements. And the majority of these artworks exist a long time and have diverse historical stories. Certainly, I had looked some contemporary arts, they delivered varietiesRead MoreAnalyzing The African Art Galleries On The Metropolitan Museum Of Art867 Words   |  4 Pages This paper will be describing and analyzing the African Art Galleries in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The galleries that will be critiqued in this paper are 350, 351, and 352. Gallery 350 (Samuel H. and Linda M. Lindenbaum Gallery) is an averaged size rectangular room that spans about the length of a sidewalk. The gallery contains several carved wooden sculptures, primarily located in the center of the gallery that immediately take over upon entering. While most objects are not enclos ed in casesRead More Benin Art in Museums and Galleries Essay1408 Words   |  6 PagesThe display of Benin art in museum and galleries reflect the attitudes and perceptions of Europeans towards non-western artefacts, especially African. Thus as European attitudes change towards non-western art since the discovery of Benin art in 1897, Benin art has been revaluated and re-categorised. Initially there was a great deal of debate about Benin art and its display, as it did not equate with the perceptions then held about Africa. Until the British conquest of Benin in 1897, little wasRead MoreThe Art Museum s Gallery 71433 Words   |  6 Pagestrip to the Legion of Honor in San Francisco. Upon arriving I could see the tall ivory pillars surrounding the entrances of the museum, a reminder of the Neoclassical age in art history evident in 18th century Europe. Figures Amongst Ruins (Ruins with Sybil) is a 25.5 inch by 19.5 inch painting (â€Å"Figures Amongst†) that hangs in the far corner of the art museum s Gallery 7. It’s calming colors and stunning depiction of decayed ruins captures my attention. The history for Ruins with Sybil increasesRead MoreMuseum Field Trips to National Gallery of Art (NGA) and The Metropolitan Museum of Art556 Words   |  2 Pages The two sites that I have chosen to compare are the National Gallery of Art (NGA) and The Metropo litan Museum of Art (The Met). The reason I chose these specific sites was the first images I saw which made me want to explore the webpages. I will be comparing the visual quality of the homepage, pictures, text, and content along with the overall quality of the two sites. I will go into detail about the differences and which site, in my opinion, would be more enjoyable based on their website. Read MoreThe Black Feminist Art Of A Mainstream Gallery Or Museum812 Words   |  4 Pageshave what it seemed as a successful art career. What is clear, the need to exhibit in a mainstream gallery or museum is not a priority, being consistence and creating a network is important. I do not believe any of these artists would turn away an exhibit in a mainstream gallery or museum. There is a great difference in the support network system in the 1970’s than today. For Picket and Washington there were black art organizations, which helped them enter the art world and in their personal life.Read MoreThe Gallery : The Museum Of The 16th And 17th Century European Art1121 Words   |  5 PagesThe gallery that I chose to visit is called, Berry Wing of European Art, also called Kresge Foundation Gallery of the 16th and 17th Century European Art. I thought that these names for the gallery were very odd because many of the paintings in this gallery were either not from the 16th and 17t h century, or weren’t from European art. A common theme that the whole gallery had was the color red. Because of this, the gallery has also been given the name Red: Endless Attraction, which I think fits theRead MoreLeading Innovation At Kelvingrove (A), Case Study Essay example1888 Words   |  8 PagesKelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum in Glasgow, Scotland; a Victorian era museum established in 1901 to express the pride, wealth, and cultural ambitions of the industrial city of Kelvingrove, was in need of change in the late 1980’s to be more relevant to modern audiences. Starting in 1990, when Mark O’Neil joined the Kelvingore Museum, Mark was tasked with bringing innovation to the entire museum by the then director Julian Spalding. After an initial start by O’Neil into implementing some of Spalding’sRead MoreEssay on Wrights The Orrery1100 Words   |  5 Pagesthe central focus was a small sculpture that was widely accepted by citizens as a c lassic work of art. However, in this painting, by placing an astronomical piece such as the model as the main focus, it forced people to form their own opinions on the scene that was being displayed in the portrait.2 This particular product of Joseph Wright is currently displayed at the Derby Museum and Art Gallery in Derby, England. It is measured at 58 inches by 80 inches and was painted using oils on canvas.1Read MoreArt Gallery At The Powerhouse Museum And The First Emperor Of New South Wales1209 Words   |  5 Pagesseen a dramatic increase in the challenges facing cultural institutions, particularly museums. One of the most pressing issues currently facing museums worldwide is the diminishing level of government support. Despite reductions in government funding, the sustained maintenance of museum collections and facilities continues to require substantial resources. In the face of such difficulties, a growing number of museums have turned to innovative programming, specifically exhibitions, as a way to ensure

Monday, May 11, 2020

Film Analyzation (Kumare) - 1491 Words

Kumare: Film Analysis Toward the middle of the film, I began seeing a change in Vikram Ghandi (Kumare) as he visited Gabriel Urantia and went back to his home yoga center. When Vikram began this journey, his goal was to expose the falsehood of gurus and spiritual teachers. He said he did not have a problem with spirituality but with spiritual leaders. These spiritual leaders, in Vikram’s mind, were just illusions. Vikram’s intent was to reveal to people that â€Å"no one is more spiritual than anyone else† and that these gurus are phonies. He wanted to know if people could find the same peace in a made-up religion that they found in a real one. Why do we need religion in the first place? Is this all just â€Å"a bunch of nonsense† that†¦show more content†¦Following the cut, Kumare is back in his home yoga center and is talking to his followers. He tells them about a man named Vikram who â€Å"is becoming a teacher for many people, and is the only one who did not know he was a teacher.† He continues to talk and asks, â€Å"why is it that because he is feel like disguise, he is living in a disguise, but all these people... they feel good?† Kumare is displaying some inner questioning as he explains the story of this man, unknown to them, named Vikram. A woman in the group speaks up and says, â€Å"A certain tree bears a certain fruit; their actions, w hat they do, their service to others, how they treat others, that’s what I hear. And then the story you’re telling me, I think you’re talking about yourself.† At this instant, Kumare admits that, yes, he was talking about himself. However, I noticed that as Kumare made this comment, his face scrunches, his mouth tightens and his eyes look away as if he is thinking ‘I’ve been caught’ or ‘shit’. While he wants to tell these people who he really is, Vikram is struggling with the thought as he grows closer and closer to this ideal version of himself, Kumare. Nevertheless, he is changing to a place where he can accept these followers of spiritual leaders as people who are trying to find something in life, and he is at a place where he no longer judges them. Vikram slowly watches his initial motive fade as he finds that he, also, is searching for answers. Concurrently,

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Strategic Operations Issues Free Essays

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS ISSUES Elizabeth Kelly ABSTRACT This paper identifies an operational issue of a national food-chain. The problem is identified with the demonstration of the functional relationships and process flow analysis. With the use of concepts of operations and process management, the problem is analyzed and methods sought to provide recommendations and an implementation plan. We will write a custom essay sample on Strategic Operations Issues or any similar topic only for you Order Now TABLE OF CONTENTS Background of Hi-Lo Food Stores†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. 5 Problem Identification†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦5 Background of the LINX Operating System†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦6 Analysis using Concepts†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦7 Recommendation and Implementation Plan†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. 9 References†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. 11 BACKGROUND OF HI-LO FOOD STORES Hi-Lo Food Stores is a supermarket chain operating in Trinidad since 1950. With 17 outlets spread throughout the length and breadth of the country, Hi-Lo Food Stores employs over 1800 employees. PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION At Hi-Lo Food Stores, which is considered a mass service process type (Slack et al, pg. 114) customers are afforded the option of different payment methods. Payment methods include cash, credit cards and debit cards. In an effort to continue to provide better options for settling of payments to merchants and customers alike, the company Infolink was formed. Infolink is a joint venture company owned by the four commercial banks of Trinidad and Tobago whose focus is to provide state of the art financial transaction-switching technology by way of debit card payment. In recent times, it has been observed that on peak commercial periods, Hi-Lo Food Stores terminals have not been able to process debit card payments. The message ‘No Communication Field’ is generated when debit card transactions cannot be processed. The customer is either forced to use a credit card or use cash. The nature of the business of Hi-Lo Food Stores would in some instances cause for a large sum of money at the check-out terminal. Customers, who do not have a credit card facility available, are then forced to leave their merchandise at the store and locate an Automated Banking Machine (ABM) to withdraw cash and then return to the store to complete the transaction. Hi-Lo Food Stores is then faced with the issue of storing in a secure manner those items selected and already bagged for the prospective customer and can only be delivered until payment is tendered. This then causes a storage issue since these items are usually placed at the terminal the customer was accommodated at. Sub-issues of pilfering and bottlenecking of check-out counters have also been evident. The second issue arises when the customer does not return for reasons such as, no ABM facility within range of Hi-Lo, and then causes the customer to leave to a more convenient supermarket. This leaves Hi-Lo with spoilage and re-stocking of the items already held at the terminals. Customer dissatisfaction sets in and an erosion of brand loyalty occurs. The impact on Hi-Lo Food Stores can then be summarized to include increased check-out times at terminals, customer dissatisfaction and decreased sales. BACKGROUND OF THE LINX OPERATING SYSTEM In 1992 saw the advent of the LINX shopping experience to Trinidad and Tobago. Infolink Services Limited is the facilitator of the LINX Network where debit cards from any commercial bank in Trinidad and Tobago would be processed at all Automated Banking Machines (ABMs) regardless of the commercial bank the customer so belonged. This system led the way for merchants to employ the LINX Network at their Point-of-Sale terminals thus allowing debit cards issued at any commercial bank in Infolink’s Accredited Partners to be accepted at these participating merchants. While the LINX system proved seamless during its pilot project phase of operations, in recent times as the service became more widely accepted by the general public, LINX seemed to be unable to manage the demand of merchants. Evidence has not been offered on the number of transactions over a structured period, in order to ascertain the workload capacity of the Infolink Services Limited’s system. As the writer has evidenced at Hi-Lo Food Stores, the debit card payment system seemed unable to handle the workload during peak periods of demand. ANALYSIS USING CONCEPTS The use of technology to supersede traditional methods of payment can be seen to deliver great advantages and benefits to Hi-Lo Food Stores. The process design of the debit card system in its conception can be seen to provide great advantages to the mass service process type. This payment method can be seen as an internally supportive method of increasing operations capabilities. For example, in times prior to the LINX operations, Hi-Lo Food Stores terminal processing time was generally a longer process. This could have been caused by the customer having to present a personal cheque for payment along with a cheque guarantee card, if applicable. The second step would be for the cashier to examine both card and cheque for validity. In instances where the cheque was written in excess of the card guarantee amount, a supervisor would then be referred to for authorization. A process that would guarantee a longer turnaround time than the now widely used LINX service, debit card payment option. In analysis of the process however, we must measure the impact of the unreliability of the service and how it causes delays and decreased outputs. These delays then impact on the cycle time at checkout counters. In carrying out a process analysis, it is obvious that the LINX operating system has a process capacity which has not yet been determined. In identifying the system’s capacity, resources may be input into the process for improved reliability and performance. As can be seen the debit card payment system when effective can have a positive strategic impact on operations performance objectives. By firstly, impacting on the speed by which customers is processed at check-out terminals. When you have a quick turnover time you reduce the traffic and congestion in the supermarket which can result in breakage and accidents. Secondly, the LINX system has impacted on flexibility by allowing the customer the option of choosing a more direct form of payment as opposed to credit cards. Dependability can be seen as a performance objective where the system can be relied upon. The above performance objectives, speed, flexibility and dependability have been negatively impacted on as the debit card system has become unreliable during peak operating times as such the issues Hi-Lo has experienced relates to its inefficiency of its customer experience, its quality of service is risked, thus losing the trust and loyalty of some customers. RECOMMENDATIONS AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN It is the writer’s recommendation that an immediate sourcing of an Automated Banking Machine (ABM) be allocated to all branches. This ABM facility will give the customer the ability to exact cash to the check-out terminal without leaving the premises. The ABM facility will have the effect of speeding up turnaround time at terminals for payment. The added advantage of the facility not only being available to check-out customers but the facility will encourage more traffic with customers who may need just the convenience of an ABM facility. The ABM facility will be strategically placed in an area just after the bank of check out tellers, but away from the main entrance point. This would force the person who came for the convenience of the ABM facility only to line up, surrounded by small convenient items that may encourage purchasing of candy, gum, magazines etc. In the hopes of a long term resolution, Hi-Lo Food Stores conduct a process design-analysis. This analysis will determine the throughput time and impact upon the flow rate of customers by measuring the number of successful or unsuccessful attempts using the debit card system. In conducting this analysis, list the customers alternate payment method used and whether immediate payment was affected. The system of process mapping can assess the processes for example, Hi-Lo Food stores must also account for those customers who are inconvenienced by having to visit an ABM to use cash as a payment method. List those persons who in fact will follow through and complete the transactions as against those persons who find it far too inconvenient to return to Hi-Lo. With the use of this data, Hi-Lo food stores will then be able to account for manpower used at the terminal for processing a void transaction, storage of items, spoilage of perishable items which may occur and hours of duty time spent re-stocking. Finally, Hi-Lo in conjunction with Infolink needs to formalize a structured plan of action to implement a larger capacity for processing of debit card transactions, and for Hi-Lo to ascertain its feasibility. ACTIVITY| TIME| OWNERSHIP/RESPONSIBILITY| 1. 1 Source a consultant | 2 weeks| IT Department| 2. 1 Identify number of transactions incomplete| 6 weeks| IT Department| 2. Identify time periods for ‘down’ time| 6 weeks| IT Department| 3. 1 Identify source of problem| 1 week| Consultant| 4. 1 Make recommendations| 2 weeks| Consultant| 5. 1 Implement changes and test| 6 weeks| IT Department| 6. 1 Gather feedback from customer| 2 weeks| Marketing Department| 7. 1 Make further recommendations| 1 week | Consultant| 8. 1 Implement and test| 3 weeks| IT Department| | | | REFERENCES Slack, N Chambers, S Johnston, R Betts, A 2009, Operations and Process Management, Principles and Practice for Strategic Impact, 2nd edn How to cite Strategic Operations Issues, Essay examples

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Rite Aid Case Essay Sample free essay sample

Rite Aid has more than 4. 900 shops in over 30 one provinces. but it all started with merely one. September 1962. Thrif D Discount Center in Scranton. Pennsylvania opened. What started as a shop forepart. expanded efficiently. By 1965. Thrif D Discount Center had expanded to five provinces and was officially named Rite Aid Corporation. It was in this twelvemonth that the company made its first public offering and started merchandising on the American Stock Exchange. Business was booming for the company. by 1972 Rite Aid operated 267 shops in 10 provinces. By 1981. Rite Aid had become the 3rd largest retail apothecarys shop concatenation in the state. in 1983. the company had surpassed the $ 1 billion gross revenues grade for the first clip. Twenty five old ages after opening its first shop. Rite Aid had acquired 420 shops. Rite Aid has been pinnacle in acquisitions throughout its history. Thrifty PayLess Holdings. Incorporated. K A ; B. PCS Health Systems. and Brooks Eckerd are all companies that have been a portion of the overplus of Rite Aid acquisitions. We will write a custom essay sample on Rite Aid Case Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page â€Å"In January 1999. Rite Aid formed a strategic partnership with General Nutrition Companies. Incorporated. the largest forte retail merchant of vitamins. mineral addendums. athleticss nutrition and herbal merchandises. This partnership created GNC shops within Rite Aid drugstores across the state ( Rite Aid 2010 ) . † This has proven to be a matrimony made in Eden. making a carbon monoxide marketed line of vitamins and nutritionary addendums called PhamAssure sold by both companies. Rite Aid has kept up with its rivals. Walgreens and CVS. every bit good as kept up with the times by offering prescription orders online at hypertext transfer protocol: //www. riteaid. com/pharmacy/ and same twenty-four hours pickup. Rite Aid is the 3rd largest retail apothecarys shop concatenation in the United States based on grosss and figure of shops. In their shops. they sell prescription drugs and a broad mixture of other ware. which is referred to as ‘‘front-end’’ merchandises. â€Å"In financial 2009. prescription drug gross revenues accounted for 67. 2 % of entire gross revenues. It is believed that pharmaceutics operations will go on to stand for a important portion of concern due to favourable industry tendencies. including an aging population. increased life anticipation. awaited growing in the federally funded Medicare Part D prescription plan as ‘‘baby boomers’’ get down to inscribe in 2011 and the find of new and better drug therapies. Approximately 28. 000 front-end merchandises. which accounted for the staying 32. 8 % of entire gross revenues in financial 2009. are offered. Front terminal merchandises include nonprescription medicines. wellness and beauty AIDSs. personal attention points. cosmetics. family points. drinks. convenience nutrients. recognizing cards. seasonal ware and legion other mundane and convenience merchandises. every bit good as exposure processing ( Rite Aid 2010 ) . † Rite Aid’s central office is located at 30 Hunter Lane. Camp Hill. Pennsylvania and their web site is http: //www. riteaid. com/ . Their common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the trading symbol of ‘‘RAD’’ . They were incorporated in 1968 and are a Delaware corporation. One of the highlighted points contained in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Overview include the fact that Rite Aid incurred a $ 2. 915. 4 million dollar net loss for financial 2009. Some cardinal factors that impacted that net loss are 1 ) a write-down of good will. 2 ) income revenue enhancement rating allowance accommodations. 3 ) shop shutting and damage charges. 4 ) LIFO charges. and 5 ) acquisition of Brooks Eckerd. Hearers from Deloitte and Touche LLP. of Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. gave Rite Aid an unqualified sentiment on their internal control over fiscal coverage. every bit good as for fiscal statements and fiscal statement agenda. Mary F. Sammons. Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. along with the remainder of Rite Aid’s Board of Directors have a program to do financial 2010 more profitable than the latter. Those programs include unlocking the value of a diverse shop base. better client trueness by bettering client and associate satisfaction. bring forth positive hard currency flow by taking unneeded costs out of the concern and bettering operating efficiencies and cut down debt by manner of the coevals of operating hard currency flow and betterments in working capital direction. By put to deathing on these ends Rite Aid feels they can better shareholder value even in a hard economic environment. Mentions Rite Aid. ( 2010 ) . Annual reports/proxy statements. Retrieved March 15. 2010. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. riteaid. com/company/investors/anrpts/index. jsf

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Finding Forester †Written by Mike Rich

Finding Forester – Written by Mike Rich Free Online Research Papers Finding Forrester is a remarkable film written by Mike Rich. He portrays how completely different people can come together to help each other and in the end become like family. The plot of this movie has some important moral teachings. â€Å"Finding Forrest† is a very special story that tells people that anyone can be a part of your family if you open yourself to others. â€Å"Finding Forrester† opens with a sixteen year old African American boy, Jamal Wallace, waking from his sleep in his bed surrounded by stacks of books, to go play basketball with his friends. While playing basketball they begin to talk about an old man, William Forrester, that lives on the top floor of the building across from the schoolyard and regularly notice him watching them from his window, but they never see his face. One day after school, Jamal’s friends challenge him to sneak into the mysterious man’s apartment and take something. He accepts the challenge and sneaks in through the window of the apartment later that night. Jamal looks around the apartment for something to take to show his friends, while looking around, Jamal set his backpack down and he became mesmerized by all the books that were in the apartment. But his fascination was ended when Forrester yelled at Jamal, scaring the hell out of him and causing him to flee the apartment without hi s backpack. The next day Jamal approaches a man, who delivers supplies to Forrester in the apartment, driving a BMW and gives him a brief review of the history of BMW, which displays is gifted intellect. After the man leaves, Jamal finds his backpack on the street, which was tossed out of Forrester’s window. Jamal returned home and opened his backpack to make sure nothing was taken. As he was checking his books, he notices that his journals are covered with literal corrections. Jamal returns to Forrester’s apartment and knocks on the door. Forrester answers and asks what Jamal wants. Jamal responds by saying that he is the person that broke into his apartment yesterday night and then asks him if he could help him on his writing skills. But Forrester gives him a sarcastic response by telling Jamal to write a five thousand word paper on why he should stay out of his apartment. The next day Jamal returns to Forrester’s door with the paper he wrote. Forrester opens the door and lets Jamal to come in. Jamal walks in and he and Forrester began to talk. Jamal mentions to Forrester that he has scored high on his state required testing and have been given a scholarship to Mallor Callow, one of the top private schools. Jamal and Forrester came to an agreement; Forrester would help J amal on his writing but has to keep it a secret and no writing leaves the apartment. From this point on Jamal and Forrester will grow closer and closer as the film progresses. Toward the end of â€Å"Finding Forrester† Jamal and Forrester have become more than just friends, but became family. They have helped each other through there difficulties and have formed a family bond. Forrester helped Jamal become a phenomenal writer teaching him everything he knows in literacy. In return Jamal has helped Forrester overcome the blame that he has put on himself due to his brother’s death. Because of the guiltiness that Forrester feels, he has remained inside his apartment and hasn’t been outside for a long time. But Jamal has convinced Forrester to leave his apartment on his birthday. One of the places Jamal took Forrester was on the pitching mound in Yankee Stadium, which his brother helped them in. There on the pitching mound, Forrester opened up to Jamal about his feelings. Later in the day Forrester told Jamal that he enjoyed himself. Later in the story, Forrester helped Jamal prove that his story he entered in a writing contest was not pla giarized and that he wrote the story from his heart. At the end of the story, Forrester thanks Jamal for helping him find himself and then rides his bike into the crowded city street. This is a stunning part of the film to see someone who was afraid to leave his home at the beginning and in the end riding his bike through the streets of one of the busiest cities in the world. At the end of the movie, Jamal meets Forrester’s lawyer to discuss some important matters. The lawyer gave Jamal terrible news; he told him that Forrester died of cancer. Jamal was given everything of Forrester’s. But the most special thing that Forrester gave Jamal in his will was the forward in his final novel. To give someone a forward is an extraordinary honor. It shows that Jamal has had a very special impact on Forrester’s life. They are more than friends but an important member of each other’s lives. Research Papers on Finding Forester - Written by Mike RichThe Masque of the Red Death Room meaningsThe Spring and AutumnStandardized TestingWhere Wild and West MeetHarry Potter and the Deathly Hallows EssayComparison: Letter from Birmingham and CritoMind TravelPersonal Experience with Teen PregnancyHonest Iagos Truth through DeceptionHip-Hop is Art

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Biography of Queen Nefertiti, Ancient Egyptian Queen

Biography of Queen Nefertiti, Ancient Egyptian Queen Nefertiti (c. 1370  BCE–c. 1336 or 1334  BCE) was an Egyptian queen,  the chief wife of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV, also known as Akhenaten. She is perhaps best known for her  appearance in Egyptian art, especially the famous bust discovered in 1912 at Amarna (known as the Berlin Bust), along with her role in the religious revolution centering on monotheistic worship of the sun disk Aten. Fast Facts: Queen Nefertiti Known For: Ancient queen of EgyptAlso Known As: Hereditary Princess, Great of Praises, Lady of Grace, Sweet of Love, Lady of The Two Lands, Main Kings Wife, his beloved, Great Kings Wife, Lady of all Women, and Mistress of Upper and Lower EgyptBorn: c. 1370  BCE in ThebesParents: UnknownDied: 1336  BCE, or perhaps 1334, location unknownSpouse: King  Akhenaton  (formerly Amenhotep IV)Children: Meritaten, Meketaten, Ankhesenpaaten, and Setepenre (all daughters) The name Nefertiti has been translated as The Beautiful One  Is Come. Based on the Berlin bust, Nefertiti is known for her great beauty.  After the death of her husband, she may well have ruled Egypt briefly under the name pharaoh Smenkhkare (ruled 1336–1334 BCE). Early Life Nefertiti was born about 1370 BCE, probably in Thebes, although her origins are debated by archaeologists and historians. Egyptian royal families were always tangled by the intermarriage of siblings as well as by children and their parents: Nefertitis life story is difficult to trace because she went through several name changes.  She may have been a foreign princess from an area in what became northern Iraq. She may have been from Egypt, the daughter of the previous Pharaoh Amenhotep III and his chief wife Queen Tiy. Some evidence suggests that she may have been the daughter of Ay, Pharaoh Amenhotep IIIs vizier, who was a brother of Queen Tiy and who became pharaoh after Tutankhamen. Nefertiti grew up in the royal palace at Thebes and had an Egyptian woman, the wife of a courtier of Amenhotep III, as her wet nurse and tutor, which suggests she was of some importance in the court.  It seems certain that she was brought up in the cult of the sun god Aten. Whoever she was, Nefertiti was set to marry the Pharaohs son, who would become Amenhotep IV by the time she was about 11 years old. Wife of the Pharaoh Amenhotep IV Nefertiti became the chief wife (queen) of the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (ruled 1350–1334), who took the name Akhenaten when he led a religious revolution that put the sun god Aten at the center of religious worship. This was a form of monotheism that only lasted as long as his rule. Art from the time depicts a close family relationship, with Nefertiti, Akhenaten, and their six daughters depicted more naturalistically, individualistically, and informally than in other eras. Images of Nefertiti also depict her taking an active role in the Aten cult. For the first five years of Akhenatens rule, Nefertiti is depicted in carved images as being a very active queen, with a central role in ceremonial acts of worship. The family most likely lived at the palace of Malkata in Thebes, which was grand by any standard. Amenhotep Becomes Akhenaten Before the 10th year of his reign, Pharaoh Amenhotep IV took the unusual step of changing his name along with the religious practices of Egypt. Under his new name of Akhenaten, he established a new cult of Aten and abolished the current religious practices. This undermined the wealth and power of the cult of Amun, consolidating power under Akhenaten. Pharaohs were divine in Egypt, no less than gods, and there are no records of public or private dissent against the changes Akhenaten instituted- during his lifetime. But the modifications he made to the hide-bound religion of Egypt were vast and must have been deeply unsettling to the populace. He left Thebes, where pharaohs had been installed for millennia, and moved to a new site in Middle Egypt that he called Akhetaten, the Horizon of Aten, and which archaeologists call Tell el Amarna. He defunded and shut down temple institutions at Heliopolis and Memphis, and co-opted elites with bribes of wealth and power. He established himself as a co-ruler of Egypt with the sun god Aten. Corbis via Getty Images / Getty Images In court artwork, Akhenaten had himself and his wife and family depicted in strange new ways, images with elongated faces and bodies and thin extremities, hands with long fingers curving upwards and extended bellies and hips. Early archaeologists were convinced that these were true representations until they found his perfectly normal mummy. Perhaps he was presenting himself and his family as divine creatures, both male and female, both animal and human. Akhenaten had an extensive harem, which included two of his daughters with Nefertiti, Meritaten and Ankhesenpaaten. Both had children by their father. Disappearance- or the New Co-King After 12 years of reigning as the beloved wife of the pharaoh, Nefertiti seems to disappear from recorded history. There are multiple theories about what may have happened. She may, of course, have died at that time; she may have been assassinated and replaced as a Great Wife by another, perhaps one of her own daughters. One tantalizing theory growing in support is that she might not have disappeared at all, but rather changed her name and become Akhenatens co-king, Ankhkheperure mery-Waenre Neferneferuaten Akhetenhys. The Death of Akhenaten In the 13th year of Akhenatens rule, he lost two daughters to the plague and another to childbirth. His mother Tiy died the next year. A devastating military loss deprived Egypt of its lands in Syria, and after that, Akhenaten became a fanatic for his new religion, sending his agents out into the world to remake all the Egyptian temples, chiseling out the names of the Theban gods on everything from the temple walls and obelisks to personal objects. Some scholars believe Akhenaten may have forced his priests to destroy the ancient cult figures and slaughter the sacred beasts. A total eclipse occurred on May 13, 1338 BCE, and Egypt fell into darkness for more than five minutes. The effect on the pharaoh, his family, and his kingdom is unknown but may have been seen as an omen. Akhenaten died in 1334 during the 17th year of his reign. Nefertiti the Pharaoh? The scholars who suggest Nefertiti was Akhenatens co-king also suggest the pharaoh that followed Akhenaten was Nefertiti, under the name of Ankhkheperure Smenkhkare. That king/queen quickly began the dismantlement of Akhenatens heretical reformations. Smenkhkare took two wives- Nefertitis daughters Meritaten and Ankhesenpaaten- and abandoned the city of Akhetaten, bricking up the temples and houses of the city and moving back to Thebes. All the old cities were revived, and the cult statues of Mut, Amun, Ptah, and Nefertum and other traditional gods were reinstalled, and artisans were sent out to repair the chisel marks. She (or he) may also well have selected the next sovereign, Tutankhaten- a boy of just 7 or 8 who was too young to rule. His sister Ankhesenpaaten was tapped to watch over him. Smenkhkares rule was short, and Tutankhaten was left to complete the re-establishment of the old religion under the name of Tutankhamen. He married Ankhesenpaaten and changed her name to Ankhesenamun: she, the last member of the 18th dynasty and Nefertitis daughter, would outlive Tutankhamen and end up married to the first of the 19th dynasty kings, Ay. Legacy Tutankhamens mother is noted in records as a woman named Kiya, who was another wife of Akhenaten.  Her hair was styled in the Nubian fashion, perhaps indicating her origin. Some images (a drawing, a tomb scene) point to the pharaoh mourning her death in childbirth.  Images of Kiya were, at some later time, destroyed. DNA evidence has surfaced a new theory about Nefertitis relationship to Tutankhamen (King Tut)- he was clearly the child of incest. This evidence might suggest that Nefertiti was the mother of Tutankhamen and a first cousin of Akhenaten; or that Nefertiti was his grandmother, and Tutankhamens mother was not Kiya but one of Nefertitis daughters. Sources Cooney, Kara. When Women Ruled the World: Six Queens of Egypt. National Geographic Books, 2018.  Hawass, Z.  The Golden King: The World of Tutankhamun.  (National Geographic, 2004).Mark, Joshua J. Nefertiti.  Ancient History Encyclopedia, 14 Apr 2014.Powell, Alvin. A different take on Tut. The Harvard Gazette, Harvard University, February 11, 2013.  Rose, Mark. Wheres Nefertiti? Archaeology Magazine, September 16, 2004.Tyldesley, Joyce. Nefertiti: Egypts Sun Queen. London: Penguin, 2005.Watterson, B.  The Egyptians.  (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998).

Monday, February 17, 2020

Risk Measures and Valuation under Interest Rates and Equity Risk Essay

Risk Measures and Valuation under Interest Rates and Equity Risk Factors - Essay Example In order to solve this problem, two vital problems have to be managed: first problem is that the market rates are correlated but they behave randomly and the second problem is that the portfolio structures are high–dimensional and conventionally non-linear. The well-known techniques of risk measurement can be classified into two categories. The first category is the stochastic approach, in which the profit and loss distribution of the portfolio is taken in to consideration. Value-at-Risk (VaR) is the most famous risk measure in this category. VaR conventionally denotes the 1% or 5 % quantile of the profit and loss distribution. The second category includes the Maximum Loss (ML) methodology, in which the risk is estimated with the help of the value of the worst case scenario. ML analyzes a finite set of scenarios to determine the worst case out of them and it does not consider the correlations among the risk factors, such as the stress testing. The Maximum Loss methodology empl oys a very specific choice of feasible domains that are referred as the trust regions. The trust regions determine the correlation structure of the market rates through their shape acquired from the examination of a certain percentage of all future outcomes. This paper first derives the standard assumptions of the financial risk management with the help of the fundamentals of financial calculus. Then, it presents some of the established techniques of risk measurement in a unifying framework along with discussing their basic properties. The paper describes the concept of Maximum Loss towards its end. 1. Introduction to Market Risk Under the intricate and changing set-up of today’s world, it is impracticable to attain stability in relation to mere minor volatility since mature markets are being formed subsequently, with the help of fast global information, which has further escalated competition. Thereby, globalization is encouraged and financial institutions are compelled to a ugment their performance. Hence, the implications of market volatility are now very essential to understand. Market risk, which is also often referred as price risk, specifies the uncertainty created by the market volatility that is defined as the prospects of money loss subject to the variations in the market prices. Although quantitative techniques for examining distinct financial instruments are entrenched, however, more research is still required for measuring risk related to the entire financial portfolios. The supervisory authorities are liable to ascertain that the economic-capital-cushions are held adequately to provide security against any possible unanticipated losses. Hence, the requirements of regulations imposed by the supervisory authorities give rise to the need for risk measurement. The banking sector, until the 1980’s, profoundly stressed upon the credit business. The number of banking failures rose with the increase in competition and the Basle Committee was established for banking supervision, in the year 1988, under the control of the BIS (Bank for International Settlements) in Basle, which published the document called ‘Basle Accord’ that included information on ‘